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Illuminated Manuscript

Illuminated Manuscript (Saint Yared and King Gabra Masqal), Ethiopian (20th C.), tempera and ink on parchment, embossed leather-covered wooden end-boards [Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Salem OR, Mar 19-Jun 12] Collection: Father Tom Yurchak, Eugene, Oregon Photo: Frank Millern

Glory of Kings: Ethiopian Christian Art
from Oregon Collections

Hallie Ford Museum of Art
Salem, Oregon OR – Mar 19-Jun 12, 2011

Processional cross

Processional cross, Ethiopian, Orthodox Christian (20th C.), silver [Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Salem OR, Mar 19-Jun 12] Collection: Father David Janes, Yamhill, Oregon Photo: Frank Miller.

Christianity in Ethiopia emerged in the fourth-century CE (AD) during the reign of Emperor Ezana, ruler of the ancient Aksumite kingdom. Located on an trade route running along the Red Sea between India and the Roman Empire, the near-east African region of Ethiopia likely adopted Christianity as a result of trade relationships with merchants of the Roman Empire. After Ezana’s religious conversion, an Eastern Orthodox form of Christianity spread. By the 15th century, the followers had developed a strong tradition of icon painting.

The provincial sect of Christianity traces its imperial lines back to the union of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheeba of Aksum (Axum). The popular national story, which is often the subject of religious artwork in the 20th century, credits their son Menelik with bringing the Ark of the Covenant to Ethiopia.

Glory of Kings was organized by Willamette University art history professor Ann Nicgorski and A. Dean McKenzie, professor emeritus of art history at the University of Oregon. The exhibit draws from several Oregon collections and presents a range of Ethiopian icons, magic scrolls, pendants and other objects of faith and ritual practice. Some of the finer examples on exhibit include ornate processional crosses carved from wood and embellished with silver, and parchment manuscripts illuminated with colourful narratives in tempera and ink.

www.willamette.edu/museum_of_art

Allyn Cantor

Double-sided, two-tiered triptych

Double-sided, two-tiered triptych (Saints and Scenes from the Life of Christ), Orthodox Christian (20th-C.), carved wood and tempera on wood [Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Salem OR, Mar 19-Jun 12] Collection: Father Tom Yurchak, Eugene, Oregon Photo: Frank Miller


 Mon, Apr 4, 2011